St. Basil’s is the most famous Russian church. Foreigners say that colourful onion domes on top look a bit like Lego, ot a Disneyland castle. It is also open for visit - inside St.Basil's is atmospheric, old, with musty smell and big huge steps. All in all – a really nice place to go. The Cathedral has survived for over 450 years in spite of Napoleon invasion, fires, and Stalin's desire to free the space for parades.
It was built in 16th century by the order of Ivan the Terrible, to celebrate the conquest of Kazan. In fact, the Cathedral consists of 9 different chapels – each stands for different saints, on which holidays Ivan the Terrible won battles. A legend says that Ivan the Terrible was so happy with the result, that he decided to blind the architects. However, there are still arguments who were the creators: Postnik and Barma or it was one person – Postnik Yakovlev. Still it is known for sure that there are no precedents before St.Basil's of this type of architecture. However, if you go to St.Petersburg, you will see a very similar cathedral, Church of the Savior on Blood. The architects were inspired very much by renowned St.Basil's Cathedral.
Actually, Cathedral has a different name - Cathedral of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin on the moat (tongut twister, right?). People started to call it another name after Saint Basil, who in fact was a city fool. He walked naked and weighed himself with chains – and therefore thought to be saint. He was buried in the church yard, and later a chapel was constructed in his name. Locals liked this Saint so much that they started to use his name for the Cathedral. Now very few Russians can tell you what the original name is.
June 1st - August 31st: 10.00 – 19.00, Wednesday - closed
Sept 1st - Nov 6th: 11.00 – 18.00, everyday
Nov 8th - Apr 30th: 11.00 – 17.00, everyday
May: 11.00 – 18.00, everyday
Adults - 500 Rub
Young people 16-18 y.o., ISIC & IYTC holders - 150 Rub
Children up to 16 y.o. - FREE